There are no land animals that are mammals, nor any reptiles or
amphibians that live in Antarctica, as the continent is too cold to
support animal life.
However, whales, seals, birds, fish, squid, penguins and shrimp
live in the waters around Antarctica. There are many types of fish
and other sea-life in Antarctic waters. Other animals are very
dependent on them for food as the only plants in Antarctica are
small and slow growing and only grow on the edges of the peninsula.
he seals and some birds remain on the continent during breeding
Land animals that do live in the Antarctic are small such as
spiders, mites, beetles, flies, mollusks and earthworms, but most
of these are restricted to Sub-Antarctic islands north of the
continent. There are 67 species of insects in the Antarctic.
There are several types of penguins within the Antarctic Circle,
and two of the most popular - the Adelie and the Emperor - breed on
the coast in the late winter. Other birds include four types of
albatross that breed on the Antarctic peninsula (the northernmost
part of the continent) and various Petrels, Shags and Skuas.