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How many animals live in Antarctica?

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There are no land animals that are mammals, nor any reptiles or amphibians that live in Antarctica, as the continent is too cold to support animal life.

However, whales, seals, birds, fish, squid, penguins and shrimp live in the waters around Antarctica. There are many types of fish and other sea-life in Antarctic waters. Other animals are very dependent on them for food as the only plants in Antarctica are small and slow growing and only grow on the edges of the peninsula. he seals and some birds remain on the continent during breeding season.

Land animals that do live in the Antarctic are small such as spiders, mites, beetles, flies, mollusks and earthworms, but most of these are restricted to Sub-Antarctic islands north of the continent. There are 67 species of insects in the Antarctic.

There are several types of penguins within the Antarctic Circle, and two of the most popular - the Adelie and the Emperor - breed on the coast in the late winter. Other birds include four types of albatross that breed on the Antarctic peninsula (the northernmost part of the continent) and various Petrels, Shags and Skuas.
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