Wombats are native to Australia.
Depending on the species, wombats live in the southern part of
Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, and NSW, and the
southwestern corner of Western Australia. They range from
grasslands to mountains and hillsides - wherever they can dig
burrows and find food. They tend not to be found in desert regions,
because there is insufficient food.
Wombats dig burrows in which to live. Burrows average about 50 cm
high by 50 cm wide, just enough width for the wombat and nothing
else. This is because, if threatened, a wombat can present just its
padded backside to a predator, and the predator has no way of
grabbing hold of the wombat or penetrating its thickened hide.
The distribution of the Common wombat is now between the Great
Dividing Range and the coast from Stanthorpe in Queensland and
right around almost to Adelaide and all of Tasmania. Prior to
European settlement, the habitat would have been very much the
same, but the population more dense and less patchy than currently.
The Northern hairy-nosed wombat current distribution is now almost
exclusively in and around the Epping Forest National park near
Clermont in Queensland. A new protected area has recently been set
up for them near Charleville in western Queensland. Prior to
European settlement, the habitat would have extended down from
Clermont through central NSW and into Victoria.
The Southern hairy-nosed wombat current distribution is along the
southern areas of South and Western Australia, mostly along the
Nullarbor Plain and as far east as Murraylands, and away from
population centres. Prior to European settlement, the habitat would
have been very much the same, but the population more dense and
less patchy than currently.